Remodeling certain areas of a single-family house is an excellent way for homeowners to add increased functionality and beauty to a property at someone else’s expense. By choosing the right project to enhance your living space, a significant portion of the expense can be passed on to future owners in the form of increased property values. Read on to find out how.
Think Before You Build
The return on investment (ROI) of any given renovation project is a function of local market characteristics, the condition of the residential real estate market when the property is sold and the quality of the work performed. Historically and on average, certain projects, such as the addition of a wood deck, kitchen and bathroom upgrades and window replacement, have shown the greatest ROI regardless of the property’s location or the state of the residential property market.
However, unless the remodeling project is designed to fix a structural issue or design flaw, it is unlikely that a homeowner will earn back more than the cost of construction. If cost recovery is as important a consideration as increased enjoyment from enhancing the property, then homeowners should consider the tastes of prospective purchasers when deciding which projects to pursue.
Homeowners, however, need to be careful of which projects they choose to complete, since the potential value gains can only be realized to the extent that there are buyers willing to pay for the renovations.
Consider Your Location
When considering any type of project, it is essential to make sure that any improvements made are appropriate for the particular type of dwelling and local property area. One mistake homeowners often make is improving their homes well above the average of neighboring houses. Buyers are attracted to particular neighborhoods because of the services located nearby and because houses in that area are trading in that buyer’s price range. Although a house improved well above others nearby may still receive the same or more interest than others being marketed, it is unlikely that it will command a premium well above average because of the extra improvements.
Real Estate agents will tell you that when depressed real estate markets rebound, percentage value increases are higher for the average- or below-average-priced homes in a given neighborhood and lower for houses priced at the top of their respective markets. It is during these periods of increased economic activity and increased real estate demand that improvements will have the greatest impact on a home’s market value.
Time also will have an impact on the ability of an improvement to increase property values. Structural or design improvements, such as building additions or finishing raw space, will add value for much longer than projects like updates to kitchens and bathrooms or technological improvements, such as new air conditioning systems, because these risk becoming obsolete over time.
Geographic location will also have a great impact on which projects will have the quickest or greatest payback. For instance, the maintenance time and cost of in-ground swimming pools make it difficult to recover the cost of installation and in some cases will reduce the overall value of a home. However, this may not be the case in the southeast and southwest U.S., where extended periods of very hot weather make swimming pools a valuable addition for some homeowners.
Because of the deductibility of mortgage interest from income taxes, Uncle Sam may help to subsidize home improvement, making the cost of construction even less burdensome for property owners.
For the less risk-averse, property owners that have accumulated adequate equity in their homes can use financial instruments, such as a cash-out refinaince or a home equity loan to finance their construction projects. Using these methods, the only cash necessary to complete the contemplated projects would be the interest payments to maintain the loans, which in most cases are tax deductible. The principle will be repaid when the property is finally sold.
Project Returns on Investment
The ultimate reason to take on any home remodeling project as an owner-occupant is the enjoyment received from living in an updated home. For those hoping to profit from a remodel as well, there are several sources that will give some insight into expected payback for particular projects. For example, REALTOR® magazine publishes an annual “Cost vs. Value” report that compares the cost of common remodeling projects and shows the payback that homeowners can expect. These payback estimates are based on the residential real estate market fundamentals at the time and the average cost of construction.
Table 1 are national average estimates, but homeowners can find more specific information at “Remodeling Online” that will provide the same estimates for different geographic areas of the U.S. These average payback ranges for the most common remodeling projects give prospective sellers a broad indication of which projects have the greatest probability of returning a bulk of the project cost at sale. Differentials in average recoveries are explained by the scope and quality of work performed, with smaller, less-useful projects being on the lower end of the range.
Project Avg. Recovery %
Wood Deck Addition 80-85%
Siding Replacement 75-83%
Minor Kitchen Remodel 75-83%
Window Replacement 75-80%
Bathroom Remodel 70-78%
Major Kitchen Remodel 70-78%
Attic Bedroom Remodel 65-76%
Basement Remodel 65-75%
Two-Storey Addition 65-74%
Garage Addition 60-70%
Improvements, such as office and bedroom remodeling had the largest recovery ranges: from 50-70%. The large spread is due to differences in the size of the renovations and the importance the room has on the overall design of the home, such as guest bedroom versus master suite.
When contemplating any remodeling project, homeowners should consider the value they will receive from the project over any cost recovery that may be available from sale. However, when contemplating two equally useful changes, homeowners should research local real estate guides to determine which projects are most likely to pay for themselves. Remember that bigger is not always better, and spending more does not always ensure a greater amount of value creation. Home prices will always reflect the tastes of local property buyers and the amounts that buyers are willing to pay in a particular neighborhood or subdivision.